The Tramways of
Santos • São Paulo state • Brazil
by Allen Morrison

1 Aerial photo, History
Photos of mule trams
3 Photos of early electrics
4 Photos from the 1930s
5 Photos from the 1960s
6 Photos from 1985



(A) One of the 20 electric trams built for the Ferro-Carril Santista in 1902 by Trajano de Medeiros & Cia in Rio de Janeiro [see History]. They were copies of electric trams that J. G. Brill Co. of Philadelphia had built for São Paulo in 1900, but the Santos project failed and the cars never ran there. All 20 were sold in 1903 to the São Paulo tramway, which numbered them 151-189 (odd only). This photograph was taken about 1910 at Largo de São Bento in São Paulo. [col. AM]



(B) Here is one of the first electric trams that actually ran in Santos. It was constructed for City of Santos Improvements Co. in 1908 by Hurst Nelson & Co. in Scotland. [col. AM]



(C) One of the Hurst Nelson trams at José Menino beach [see aerial photo] in 1909. [postcard, col. AM]



(D) Another of the original electric cars, at the end of Av. Ana Costa near Gonzaga beach [see aerial photo]. [postcard, col. AM]



(E) Hurst Nelson's second model, built for Santos in 1912. [Hurst Nelson Collection, Motherwell Public Library, Scotland]



(F) Most of Santos' early electric trams were built by Hurst Nelson in Scotland, but in 1915 CSIS also purchased two cars, numbers 98 and 100, from United Electric Co. in England. From 1915 all motor trams in Santos carried even fleet numbers. [col. AM]



(G) This hand-colored postcard shows tram 44 on Gonzaga beach about 1920. Originally numbered 22, it was built by Hurst Nelson in 1911. [col. AM]



(H) In 1928 CSIC purchased three trams, numbers 212, 214 and 216, from Ateliers Métallurgiques in Nivelles, Belgium. These were the only 4-axle trams that it imported. (CSIS later built 4-axle trams in Santos.) [col. AM]



(I) One of the Belgian trams (number 216?) in the 1940s. In 1933 CSIC replaced trolley poles on all its cars with bow collectors. [col. AM]