The Trams of / Os Bondes de

Part A: 1869-1928 (pictures 01-25)
[See Part B] [Return to the Introduction]
Click on the pictures to see enlargements; "pc" = postcard.
(01) A ticket from the Companhia de Veículos Econômicos [as it would be spelled today], Salvador's first street railway in 1869. [col. AM]
(02) One of the tram models built by John Stephenson Co. in New York that ran on the Salvador lines in the 1870s and 80s. The photo shows car 10 of the Transportes Urbanos system: words above the windows are "CIDADE CAMPO GRANDE VICTORIA E BARRA" (see map). [col. Jamil Nassif Abib, courtesy Consuelo Novais Sampaio]
(03) This ticket of the Trilhos Centrais company depicts one of the little steam-powered trains that supplemented the horsecars on its lines from Rua da Barroquinha – near Praça Castro Alves – to Soledade, Quintas, Fonte Nova and Rio Vermelho (see map). [col. AM]
(04) No actual photographs of Trilhos Centrais vehicles could be found, but this postcard shows the tracks that they ran on, which were clearly of narrow gauge. The card is labeled "Soledade - Bahia" [see map]. The large building in the distance was the Convento da Soledade. [col. AM]
(05) A ticket of the Companhia Carris Elétricos, owned by Siemens & Halske, the German firm which installed the first electric tramway in Salvador. [col. AM]
(06) Inauguration of the CCE system on 14 March 1897. Photo was taken at Ribeira [see map]. Note the Siemens bow collector on the car and the German-style overhead construction. This was the first German tramway in South America. [col. Siemens-Museum, München]
(07) Another view of the inauguration – looking west on Rua Visconde da Pedra Branca, with Senhor do Bonfim Church on the hill beyond [see map]. [col. Siemens-Museum, München]

(08) Car 2 on Av. Bonfim (formerly called Av. Dendezeiros) in 1897 [see map]. Siemens sent 12 trams of this type to Salvador. [col. Siemens-Museum, München]

(09) The headquarters and tram depot of the Companhia Carris Elétricos in the Roma district [see map]. [pc, col. AM]

(10) Powerhouse at the Roma depot. [col. Siemens-Museum, München]
(11) Car 15 of a second group of trams built for Salvador in 1899 by Waggonbauanstalt Falkenried in Hamburg (with Siemens electric equipment). The destination board on the side misspelled Itapagipe [see map] as "Stapagipse"! [col. Siemens-Museum, München]
(12) One of six trams that CCE ordered from United Electric Co. in Preston, England, in 1907. The car was fitted with a bow collector in Brazil. [col. AM]
(13) Between 1905 and 1912 Companhia Linha Circular ordered 100 passenger cars from J. G. Brill in Philadelphia for its electric tramway in the Upper City. Here is a drawing of a 1907 model. [Brill Magazine, Philadelphia, 7/1908, p. 160]
(14) CLC tram 90, built by Brill in 1911, was of the same design as the vehicle shown in illustration 13. [col. AM]

(15) One of CLC's Brill cars in front of the Palácio Rio Branco on Praça Municipal [see map]. During their first three decades of operation CLC trams carried trolley poles, in contrast to the bow collectors used by CCE trams in the Lower City. [pc, col. AM]

(16) A Brill tram of the CLC at São Pedro Church about 1907. This church was demolished a few years later to permit the widening of Rua 7 de Setembro [see map]. [pc, col. AM]
(17) Postcard view of a Linha Circular car at Praça Castro Alves [see map]. The cameraman was looking south, toward Rua 7 de Setembro. [col. AM]
(18) Brill built this motorized funeral car for Linha Circular in 1907. A trolley pole was attached in Brazil. The vehicle has the same Brill model 21E truck as Brill's passenger trams. [col. AM]
(19) In 1912 Brill built this unique ambulance tram for CLC. The door on the right enclosed a fumigating chamber. [Brill Magazine, Philadelphia, 10/1912, p. 311]
(20) A United Electric (English) tram of the Companhia Carris Elétricos heads north at Praça Deodoro in the Lower City [see map]. Note the bow collector on the car. The diagonal white strip above the roof on the left is the Plano Inclinado Gonçalves. [pc, col. AM]
(21) This postcard shows a row of CCE trams going north on Av. Frederico Pontes in the Lower City [see map]. Date is about 1920. [col. AM]
(22) An electric tram on the old Trilhos Centrais route to Rio Vermelho [see map]. This is Rua Vasco da Gama today. [pc, col. AM]
(23) A single-track section of the Brotas line [see map]. [pc, col. AM]
(24) A rare view of a CLC tram somewhere in the Federação district [see map]. [pc, col. AM]
(25) The tracks of the Amaralina line [see map] ran right alongside the Atlantic Ocean. [pc, col. AM]

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