Like Brazil's first light rail lines, which opened in Rio de Janeiro in 1983 and Campinas in 1993 – and unlike the new light rail line in Rio which opened in 2016 – Phase 1 of the new Santos line follows the path of an abandoned railroad. Freight trains ran there until 2008. (The new Rio system runs almost entirely on city streets which never had rails before.) The Empresa Metropolitana de Transportes Urbanos (EMTU), a government agency in São Paulo state, began construction in 2013 of the Sistema Integrado de Transporte Metropoliltano (SIM) between São Vicente and Santos on São Vicente Island. EMTU also ordered three 7-module light rail vehicles from Vossloh España in Valencia, Spain. Veículo Leve sobre Trilhos (VLT) A001 arrived in 2014 and began providing free rides to passengers on 27 April 2015. The photograph below shows the garage and yard at "Porto" station, near the extreme east end of the line [see map above] [Raimundo Rosa]:
A003 was photographed in 2015 at José Monteiro station in
São Vicente [see map]. That's the flag of São Paulo state
(not of the USA!) on the front panel [Antonio Gorni]:
Here is the other side of the Santos VLT [Antonio Gorni]:
more VLTs, numbered A004-A022, are being built for Santos by T'Trans in
Três Rios, a small city 120 km north of Rio de Janeiro. T'Trans
is also building new cars for the Santa Teresa tramway in Rio and, in
the poster below, claims that it built Brazil's first VLT. Rather than
Três Rios, most of the VLTs on the new light rail system in
Rio are being constructed by the French firm, Alstom, at its
plant in Taubaté near São Paulo.
The photograph below was taken above Pinheiro Machado station (lower left) in 2014, when the
line was still under construction [see map]. The camera was facing west. Note tunnel entrance below
the trees, part of São Vicente and Santos Bay (upper left).
A closeup of the tunnel entrance, with guard, after it opened in 2015. The photo was taken from the front of a VLT that had just left Nossa Sra. de Lourdes station [see map above] [Antonio Gorni]:
The street railway era in Santos began with an 800 mm gauge line in 1871. The odd 1350 mm gauge of another line that opened in 1875 was adopted by the electric tram system that served the area from 1909 until 1971, and also by the tourist tramway that opened in 2000 and still runs today. Funded by the city, the latter's rolling stock consists of its original Scottish trams along with vehicles acquired from other tramway systems in Brazil, Portugal, Italy, U.S.A. and Japan. With 12 cars and 5 km of track, the Santos tourist tramway is easily the largest in Latin America. Here is one of the Scottish trams from the early 1900s [Emílio Pechini]:
press attacks one of the three trams imported from Porto, Portugal. 193
is a "Brill type" constructed in Porto about 1930 [Emílio
3265 from Torino, Italy, was equipped with tables, chairs and coffee
maker and made a Bonde Café. Passengers enjoy breakfast
while touring the city. The car was built by Fiat in 1950. Torino articulated tram 2804 is being reconstructed as a full restaurant car [mexido de idéias]:
The area's single trolleybus line – presently the only trolleybus line in existence in Brazil outside São Paulo – is a remnant of a large trolleybus system that opened in 1963. The six trolleybuses that run today on route 20 were built by Mafersa in Brazil and are operated by Viação Piracicabana. Like the tourist tram above, number 5303 is signed for Praça Mauá [see map] [Antonio Gorni]:
To be continued... / Continua...
The author wishes to thank São Vicente resident Antonio Gorni for his help in the preparation of this page.